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Parkinson's Disease

What is Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a slowly progressive nervous system disorder. There is currently no cure for Parkinson’s disease, but early diagnosis and management can improve patient success. Surgical treatment can be successful in reducing symptoms in the later stages.

Symptoms

Parkinson’s disease can have different effects on different people. Although some people with PD only have symptoms on one side of the body, eventually the symptoms can start on the other side, though not as severe.

Parkinson’s symptoms include:

Primary Motor Symptoms: Resting tremor, bradykinesia (slow movement), rigidity, postural instability (tendency to be unstable when standing upright)

Secondary Motor Symptoms: Stooped posture (a tendency to lean forward), dystonia, impaired fine motor dexterity and motor coordination, impaired gross motor coordination, poverty of movement (decreased arm swing), akathisia, speech problems, difficulty swallowing, sexual dysfunction, cramping, drooling and excess saliva resulting from reduced swallowing movement

Nonmotor Symptoms: Sleep disturbances, constipation, bladder problems, sexual problems, excessive saliva, weight loss or gain, vision and dental problems, fatigue and loss of energy, depression, fear and anxiety and skin problems

Treatments & Medications

There is currently no cure for Parkinson’s disease, but early diagnosis and management can improve patient success. Medication may be available to treat the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. However, they do not reverse the effects of the disease. Surgical treatment can be successful in reducing symptoms in the later stages. We offer deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery for patients with poorly controlled symptoms.

Interesting Parkinson’s Facts

According to the Parkinson’s Disease Foundation:

  • As many as one million Americans live with Parkinson’s disease, which is more than the combined number of people diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy and Lou Gehrig’s disease.
  • Approximately 60,000 Americans are diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease each year, and this number does not reflect the thousands of cases that go undetected.
  • An estimated seven to 10 million people worldwide are living with Parkinson’s disease.
  • Incidence of Parkinson’s increases with age, but an estimated four percent of people with PD are diagnosed before the age of 50.
  • Men are one and a half times more likely to have Parkinson’s than women.

Find a Specialist


Arif Dalvi, MD, MBA

Arif Dalvi, MD, MBA

Neurology
Boynton Beach 33472, West Palm Beach 33409