- Paralysis or problems controlling movement
- Sensory disturbances including pain
- Problems using or understanding language
- Problems with thinking and memory
- Emotional disturbances
- Physical therapy to restore movement, balance and coordination
- Occupational therapy to relearn basic skills such as bathing and dressing
- Speech therapy
- Inpatient rehabilitation units: Patients usually stay in the facility for two to three weeks, engaging in a coordinated, intensive program of rehabilitation. These programs often involve at least three hours of active therapy a day, five or six days a week. Inpatient facilities usually offer a comprehensive range of medical services including full-time physicians and therapists specializing in post-stroke rehabilitation.
- Outpatient rehabilitation units: Patients typically spend several hours, often three days a week, at the facility taking part in therapy sessions. They then return home at night. Outpatient facilities often provide access to physicians and therapists and offer treatment programs as intense as those of inpatient facilities. However, they sometimes offer less demanding regimens for patients with lower physical capacities.
- Nursing facilities: Rehabilitation services vary at nursing facilities. Skilled nursing facilities tend to place an emphasis on rehabilitation. Normally, fewer hours of therapy are offered at nursing facilities than at either type of rehabilitation units.
- Home-based rehabilitation programs: Undergoing treatment at home gives patients the opportunity to practice skills in the context of their own living environment, but it may lack the specialized equipment used at medical facilities. Home rehabilitation is often suitable for patients who lack transportation or require treatment by only one type of therapist.
Family and friends play a very important role in stroke rehabilitation. A caring and able spouse, partner or family member can be a positive factor in rehabilitation. It is also important for family members to understand what the stroke survivor has been through and how disabilities can affect the person so they can know what to expect and how to handle problems once the patient leaves the hospital.